FLORA MALAYSIANA Ver 4.0

Plants of the Malaysian Region


Ferns, Pteridophyte Plants, Division/Phylum: Pteridophyta, 蕨类植物,
Ferns are mostly green vascular plants that use spores for reproduction..
Taxonomy:
Domain: Eukaryota, Whittaker & Margulis,1978, (eukaryotes); Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866, (plants), Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981, (green plants); Sub-subkingdom: Tracheobionta, (vascular plants), Division/*Phylum: Pteridophyta (Smith et al. 2006), Class:
1) Equisetopsida, (horsetails),
2) Marattiopsida,(marattia),
3) Psilotopsida, (whisk ferns),
5) Pteridopsida, (true ferns),

Another system of clssification is *Phylum:

1) Lycopodiophyta, Syn: = Lycophyta, (lycopods),
2) Equisetophyta, (horsetails),
3) Psilotophyta, (whisk ferns),
4) Ophioglossophyta (adder's tongues and grape ferns),
5) Pteridophyta, (true ferns).


Phylum: Lycopodiophyta,

Class: Lycopodiopsida, Order: Lycopodiales, Lycopod Ferns



LYCOPODIACEAE
Lycopod Family
Keluarga Paku Serani

Class: Isoetopsida, Order: Selaginellales, Selaginella Ferns


SELAGINELLIACEAE
Selaginella Family
Keluarga Paku Berunas


Phylum: Equisetophyta, Syn: = Sphenophyta, Arthrophyta,

Class: Equisetopsida, or Sphenopsida, Order: Equisetales, Horsetails



EQUISETACEAE
Horsetails Family
Keluarga Ekor Kuda


Phylum: Psilotophyta, 松叶蕨门

Class: Psilotopsida, Order: Psilotales, Whisk Ferns



PSILOTACEAE
Whisk Ferns Family
Keluarga Paku Whisk


Phylum: Ophioglossophyta

Class: Ophioglossopsida, Order: Ophioglossales, Adder's tongues



OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Adder's tongues Family
Keluarga Lidah ular


Phylum: Pteridophyta. Class: Pteridopsida, Syn: = Polypodiopsida,

Order: Cyatheales, Tree Ferns



CYATHEACEAE
Tree Ferns Family
Keluarga Paku Pohon


Order: Polypodiales, Polypod Ferns


ASPLENIACEAE
Birdnest Ferns Family
Keluarga Paku Sarang Burung
DAVALLIACEAE
Deer Foot Fern Family
Keluarga Paku Kaki Rusa
POLYPODAIACEAE
Leaf Basket Fern Family
Keluarga Daun Kepala Tupai


Order: Pteridales, Pteri Ferns


PTERIDACEAE
Pteri Ferns Family
Keluarga Paku Sisik Naga
PARKERIACEAE
Water Ferns Family
Keluarga Paku Air


Order: Salviniales, Floating Ferns


AZOLLACEAE
Fairy Moss Family
Keluarga Paku Apong Dewi
SALVINIACEAE
Water-spangles Family
KeluargaPaku Salvia