PANNA MALAYSIANA

Wisdom of the Malaysian Region

PDF e-Books



Nature, Flora, Fauna,

    Fauna,

  1. Field Guide To Stink Bugs, 52 pages, 2226 Kb.
    Author: D. Ames Herbert Jr. & Panel, Subtitle: Of Agricultural Importance in the United States. 2nd Edition.
    Originally found in East Asia, stink bugs were not even reported in the United States until the late 1990’s! They get their name from an unpleasant odor released when you crush them or when they are protecting their homes.
    Source: Virginia Integrated Pest Control, USA.


  2. Stink Bugs Pentatomidae and Parent Bugs Acanthosomatidae, 183 pages, 29427 Kb.
    Author: D. S.M. Paiero1, Subtitle:of Ontario and adjacent areas: A key to species and a review of the fauna.
    The Ontario stink bugs (Pentatomidae) and parent bugs (Acanthosomatidae) are reviewed. Illustrated dichotomous keys are provided to the families of Canadian Pentatomoidea and the 56 species of Pentatomidae and Acanthosomatidae occurring in, or likely to occur in, Ontario.
    Source: Ontario, Canada.


  3. Flora,

  4. Adenium obesum Dessert Rose, 8 pages, 967 Kb.
    Author: University Of Forida,
    Desert rose is native to the Arabian Peninsula that includes Aden, Saudi Arabia and Omen. It’s native range extends into northeastern and eastern Africa. The plant has become naturalized in Sri Lanka.
    Source: University Of Forida


  5. Adenium (genus), 1 page, 292 Kb.
    Author: Top Tropicals,
    There are several species of Adenium. Adeniums have many spectacular hybrids. The basic culture is very similar to orchids. A small pot with excellent drainage is a must. Adeniums do not like both over-watering and drying-out. There is a little 'secret'how to create a weird shape of base: just lift the plant a bit every time you re-pot the plant, so the upper parts of roots will be a little exposed. The plant will form more roots that will go down
    Source: Top Tropicals


  6. Botanic Taxonomy, 153 pages, 14884 Kb.
    Author: Botanick ýústav,
    Not in English. Effective conservation and management of biodiversity depends in large part on our understanding of taxonomy. Unfortunately, inadequate taxonomic information and infrastructure, coupled with declining taxonomic expertise, hinders our ability to make informed decisions about conservation, sustainable use and sharing of the benefits derived from genetic resources.
    Source: Botanick ýústav


  7. Cannaceae (family), 113 pages, 1964 Kb.
    Author: Wikipedia, clainescanna,
    Canna is the only genus in the family Cannaceae. Such a family has almost universally been recognized by taxonomists. The APG II system of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998) also recognizes the family, and assigns it to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids, in the monocots.
    Source: Wikipedia, clainescanna,


  8. Choosing And Using Edible Flowers, 18 pages, 2653 Kb.
    Author: North Carolina State University,
    Flowers have traditionally been used in many types of cooking: European, Asian, East Indian, Victorian English, and Middle Eastern. Early American settlers also used flowers as food. Today, there is a renewed interest in edible flowers for their taste, color, and fragrance. Many herbal flowers have the same flavor as their leaves, though others, such as chamomile and lavender blossoms, have a subtler flavor.
    Source: North Carolina State University


  9. b-Colocasia esculenta Descriptors For Taro, 2 pages, 625 Kb.
    Author: IBPGR publication
    Descriptors for Taro (Colocasia esculenta) is a revision of the original IBPGR publication. Descriptors for Colocasia (AGP:IBPGR/79/52, 1980). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.This descriptor list provides an international format and thereby produces a universally understood ‘language’ for plant genetiT resources data.
    Source: cgiar.org


  10. Colocasia esculenta, 62 pages, 82 Kb.
    Author: fleppc.org
    Common Names: Taro, wild taro, dasheen. Synonymy: Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta Schott, Caladium esculentum Hort.Origin: India, southeastern Asia. Brought from Africa to the Americas as a food crop for slaves (Greenwell 1947). Introduced into Florida and other southern states in 1910 by U.S. Department of Agriculture as a substitute crop for potatoes (Fairchild 1947, Greenwell 1947).
    Source: fleppc.org


  11. Cymbopogon citratus Lemongrass, 54 pages, 5671 Kb.
    Author: Dean Coleman Subtitle: Uses and Benefits
    A tropical grass native to southern India and Sri Lanka, yielding an aromatic oil used as flavoring and in perfumery and medicine. Resembling a gigantic weed, lemongrass is an aromatic tropical plant with long, slender blades that can grow to a height of 5 ft (1.5 m). Believed to have a wide range of therapeutic effects, the herb has been used for centuries in South America and India and has also become popular in the United States. Aside from folk medicine, lemongrass is a favorite ingredient in Thai cuisine and dishes that boast a tangy, Asian flavor.
    Source: deancoleman


  12. Cymbopogon citratus Lemongrass, 3 pages, 466 Kb.
    Author: demogarden S
    Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is an easy to grow herb that requires warm, humid conditions, full sunlight and plenty of moisture. It is a tender perennial that is commonly grown as an annual in cooler areas. Plant lemongrass after the last frost or grow it in a pot and move it outdoors after temperatures warm in the spring. Nurseries and seed companies will generally sell small starter plants. Fresh stalks of lemongrass (leaves and roots absent) can be purchased at grocery stores specializing in Asian cuisine and will root in a glass of water in about 2 weeks.
    Source: demogarden


  13. Ethnopharmacological Survey Of Medicinal Plants, 8 pages, 882 Kb.
    Author: Mi-Jang Songg & panel. Subtitle: In Jeju Island, Korea.
    In this study, a total of 68 families, 141 genera, and 171 species of plants that showed 777 ways of usage were recorded. Values for the informant consensus factor regarding the ailment categories were for birth related disorders (0.92), followed by respiratory system disorders (0.90), skin disease and disorders (0.89), genitourinary system disorders (0.87), physical pain (0.87), and other conditions. According to fidelity levels, 36 plant species resulted in fidelity levels of 100%.
    Source: ethnobiomed.com


  14. Fruit and Vegetables for Health, 46 pages, 921 Kb.
    Author: FAO/WHO. Subtitle: Report Of A Joint FAO/WHO Workshop, Kpbe Japan.
    Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), especially cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, currently kill more people every year than any other cause of death. Four factors in the epidemiology of these diseases – poor diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use – are of overwhelming importance to public health. Fruit and vegetables are an important component of a healthy diet and, if consumed daily in sufficient amounts, could help prevent major diseases such as CVDs and certain cancers.
    Source: FAO/WHO


  15. Heliconia (genus), 8 pages, 748 Kb.
    Author: Flora Malaysiana. Subtitle: Collated photo resources
    Heliconia, derived from the Greek word helikonios, is a genus of about 100 to 200 species of flowering plants native to the tropical Americas and the Pacific Ocean islands west to Indonesia. Taxonomy: Domain: Eukaryota, Whittaker & Margulis,1978, (eukaryotes); Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866, (plants), Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981, (green plants); Sub-subkingdom: Tracheobionta, (vascular plants), Syn: = {*Phylum:} Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 , Superdivision: Spermatophyta/Spermatophytina (auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998, (seed plants), Division/Phylum: Magnoliophyta Cronquist, Takhtajan & W. Zimmermann, 1966, (flowering plants), Subphylum: Euphyllophytina, Infraphylum: Angiospermae auct, (Angiosperm), Syn = Radiatopses, Kenrick & Crane, 1997 Class: Liliopsida Brongniart, 1843, (monocotyledons), , Subclass: Zingiberidae, Cladus: Commelinids, Order: Zingiberales, , Family: Heliconiaceae Nakai (1941), Genera: Heliconia Linn.
    Source: Flora Malaysiana


  16. Histoire Des Plantes, 523 pages, 748 Kb.
    Author: H Baillonmobot. Publisher Paris : Librairie Hachette, Subtitle: Vol. IV. Language French
    The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life.
    Source: Missouri Botanical Garden


  17. b-Liacs for Cold Climates, 16 pages, 1870 Kb.
    Author: H Baillonmobot. Publisher Paris : Librairie Hachette, Lilacs have been cultivat- ed for over. 400 years. Originating in Europe and. Asia, they were brought to. America in the mid-1700s where they've remained. Lilacs for Cold Climates describes the best of the top-rated cold-weather cultivars. These are the gems of the Upper Midwest.
    Source: learningstore


  18. Loranthaceae (family), 21 pages, 312 Kb.
    Author: Qiu Huaxing (邱华兴). Subtitle: Flora of China
    Shrubs, usually aerial hemiparasites on other seed plants, often spreading along host by runners (epicortical roots), more rarely terrestrial root-parasitic shrubs or trees, nodes not articulated, glabrous or hairy, hairs often stellate or verticillate. Leaves opposite or alternate, stipules absent; petiole often indistinct; leaf blade simple, usually pinnately veined, margin entire. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes, or umbels (sometimes condensed into heads); bracts usually inconspicuous, sometimes forming conspicuous involucre (in Tolypanthus).
    Source: Flora of China


  19. Nature,

  20. Classification Of Living Organisms 2 pages, 39 Kb.
    Author: Botanic Gardens ie,
    When classification schemes were first developed, all living organisms could easily be placed in a general category, like Kingdom Plantae or Kingdom Animalia. General categories, such as Kingdoms still work well in classification but they break down when some organisms in one category have characteristics which are similar to organisms in another category. A case in point is the one-celled organism, Euglena, which bears both animal and plant characteristics
    Source: Botanic Gardens ie


  21. Nature And Science 368 pages, 21182 Kb.
    Author: Pacific Coast Committee For The Advancement Of Science., Subtitle: On The Pacific Coast.
    Paul Elder & Co. Publishers (1915), San Francisco, USA.
    The Pacific Coast region of the United States contains many distinctive natural features and much unique material for scientific research. Many of the problems presented here are peculiar to the West, but in their larger aspects they have a significant bearing . upon fundamental questions of world-wide concern both in the field of natural science and in the relation of these problems to the affairs of men. However interesting western materials may be, the traveler wishing to know of them has little time for study, and sources of information which might be used are frequently scattered or inaccessible.
    Source: amerrich


  22. Waterfalls Of Malaysia 24 pages, 1028 Kb.
    Author: Fellowship Of The Falls,
    Around 1994 Khong and a group of friends around him became interested in the waterfalls of Malaysia. Travelling all around the country they collected information and published it on the Internet.
    Source: Waterfalls Of Malaysia