FLORA MALAYSIANA

Plants of the Malaysian Region



Monocotyledoneae.


Family: ZINGIBERACEAE, Zinger.
Taxonomy: Class: Liliopsida Scopoli, 1760, Brongniart, 1843, (monocotyledons), Subclass: Zingiberidae, Syn: = Subclass: Commelinidae Takhtajan, 1967, Cladus: Commelinids, APG II, 2003, Superorder: Zingiberanae Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992 Order: Zingiberales, Grisebach, 1854, Family: Zingiberaceae, Martinov (1820), Lindley, 1835 ,


Genus: Achasma Earth Ginger


Red and Yellow Earth Ginger, Bunga Calong, 红茴砂, Species: Achasma megalocheilos,
Ref: Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain ( page) 139
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?101430
File: ziacr01r.jpg, Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Ulu Gombak, Selangor. Date: xx/xx/1996
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Zingiberaceae Lindley, 1835, Subfamily: Alpinioideae, Tribe Alpinieae, Genus: Achasma, Griff. , Syn: = Etlingera Giseke, Species: Achasma megalocheilos, Griff, Syn: = Etlingera megalocheilos (Griff.), = Etlingera littoralis (J. Koenig ex Retz.) Giseke,
Pink Earth Ginger, Bunga Calong, 红茴砂, Species: Achasma megalocheilos,
Ref: Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain - page 139
File: ziacm01r.jpg, Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Ulu Gombak, Selangor. Date: xx/xx/1996
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Scarlet Earth Ginger, Bunga Calong, 红茴砂, Species: Achasma megalocheilos,
Ref: Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain - page 139
File: ziacmr01a.jpg, Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Ulu Gombak, Selangor. Date: xx/xx/1996
Photo: TK Khong


Genus: Alpinia Earth Ginger


Lesser Alpinia (flower), Lengkuas ranting (bunga) Species: Alpinia conchigera,
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1977); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 216
File: zialco01a-020218.jpg, Original Size: 480 x 640
Loc.: Bukit Tinggi Botanical Gardens, Pahang. Date: 18 February 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Lesser Alpinia (fruits), Lengkuas ranting (buah) Species: Alpinia conchigera,
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1977); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 216
File: zialco01b-020218.jpg, Original Size: 480 x 640
Loc.: Bukit Tinggi Botanical Gardens, Pahang. Date: 18 February 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Red Shell Ginger, Bunga Kulit Siput Species: Alpinia purpurata, (Viell) K.Schum,
Ref: Malaysian Flowers in Colour; H.F. Chin; (1977); Tropical Press Sdn Bhd.; Malaysia. - page 47
File: zialp01r.jpg, Original Size: 248 x 371
Loc.: ??. Date: ??
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Curcuma Ginger Tulip


Siam Ginger Tulip, Kuynit Siam Species: Curcuma alisimatifolia,
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 297
File: zicual01a-030601bkk.jpg, Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Cha Chu Chak Weekend Market, Bangkok. Date: 01 June 2003
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Siam Ginger Tulip, Kuynit Siam Species: Curcuma alisimatifolia,
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 297
File: zicual01b-030601bkk.jpg, Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Cha Chu Chak Weekend Market, Bangkok. Date: 01 June 2003
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudof01a-991014.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Home, Petaling Jaya. Date: 14 October 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudof02a-991014.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Home, Petaling Jaya. Date: 14 October 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudof03a-991014.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Home, Petaling Jaya. Date: 14 October 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudof04a-991014.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Home, Petaling Jaya. Date: 14 October 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudof05a-991014.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Home, Petaling Jaya. Date: 14 October 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudop01a-050429.jpg, Original Size: 1466 x 1231
Loc.: Bukit Gedong, Bayan Lepas, Penang. Date: 29 April 2005.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudop02a-050429.jpg, Original Size: 1466 x 1231
Loc.: Bukit Gedong, Bayan Lepas, Penang. Date: 29 April 2005.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudop03a-050429.jpg, Original Size: 1466 x 1231
Loc.: Bukit Gedong, Bayan Lepas, Penang. Date: 29 April 2005.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Domestic Tumeric, Yellow Ginger, Kuynit Biasa, Kunyit Rumah, Wong Keong, . Species: Curcuma domestica,
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - Page 53.
File: zicudop04a-050429.jpg, Original Size: 1466 x 1231
Loc.: Bukit Gedong, Bayan Lepas, Penang. Date: 29 April 2005.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Hedychium Hedychium


Yellow hedychium (buds), Helia Bunga Kuning (kuntum). Species: Hedychium coronarium, hybrid yellow.
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1977); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 216.
File: ziheco01a-020218.jpg, Original Size: 480 x 640
Loc.: Bukit Tinggi Botanical Gardens, Pahang. Date: 19 April 2004.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Wild Epiphytic Ginger. Species: Hedychium gardnernanum. ?
Ref:
File: zihexx01a-040419.jpg, Original Size: 1200 x 1600
Loc.: Mulu National Park, Sarawak. Date: 19 April 2004.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Wild Epiphytic Ginger. Species: Hedychium gardnernanum. ?
Ref:
File: zihexx01b-040419.jpg, Original Size: 1200 x 1600
Loc.: Mulu National Park, Sarawak. Date: 19 April 2004.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Hornstedtia Hornstedtia


Greater Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk Liar. Species: Hornstedtia scyphifera. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: zihoscr01a-021001thy.jpg, Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Small Rubber Holding, Koh Hong, Thaiand. Date: 01 October 2002.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Greater Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk Liar. Species: Hornstedtia scyphifera. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: zihoscr01b-021001thy.jpg, Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Small Rubber Holding, Koh Hong, Thaiand. Date: 01 October 2002.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk. Species: Hornstedtia sp. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: horn_fraserbush.jpg, Original Size: 298 x 215
Loc.: ?. Date: 24 July 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk. Species: Hornstedtia sp. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: horn_frashigh.jpg, Original Size: 298 x 215
Loc.: ?. Date: 24 July 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk. Species: Hornstedtia sp. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: horn_fraspindle.jpg, Original Size: 298 x 215
Loc.: ?. Date: 24 July 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk. Species: Hornstedtia sp. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: horn_gasraisedrt.jpg, Original Size: 298 x 215
Loc.: ?. Date: 24 July 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Spindle Ginger, Helia Tanduk. Species: Hornstedtia sp. ?
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: hornediatwin.jpg, Original Size: 298 x 215
Loc.: ?. Date: 24 July 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Kaempferia Kaempferia


Common Sand Ginger, Cekur Biasa. Species: Kaempferia galanga Linn.
Ref: Tropical Herbs & Spices of Malaysia & Singapore; Wendy Hutton; (1997); Peripals; Singapore. - page 37
File: zikag01n.jpg, Original Size: 329 x 240
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Limestone Sand Ginger, Cekur Batik. Species: Kaempferia pulchra
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 144
File: zikap01n.jpg, Original Size: 329 x 240
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Limestone Sand Ginger, Cekur Batik. Species: Kaempferia pulchra
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 144
File: zikap02n.jpg, Original Size: 329 x 240
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Phaeomeria Phaeomeria


Varieties of Torch Ginger, Perbeszaan Jenis Bunga Kantan Species: Phaeomeria spp.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: zipha03d.jpg, Original Size: 247 x 174
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Fruit of Torch Ginger, Buah Kantan Species: Phaeomeria maingayi.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphf01a.jpg, Original Size: 240 x 320
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 05 September 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Red Torch Ginger, Kantan Merah Species: Phaeomeria maingayi.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphr02d.jpg, Original Size: 260 x 367
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 5, Petaling Jaya. Date: 05 September 1999.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Buds of Torch Ginger, Buah Kantan Species: Phaeomeria maingayi.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphr03.jpg, Original Size: 260 x 367
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Pink Torch Ginger, Kantan Biasa Species: Phaeomeria magnifica.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphs03n.jpg, Original Size: 260 x 367
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Pink Torch Ginger, Kantan Biasa Species: Phaeomeria magnifica.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphs02d.jpg, Original Size: 260 x 367
Loc.: Author's Garden, Section 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 09 January 2000.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
White Torch Ginger, Kantan Putih Species: Phaeomeria magnifica alba.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: ziphspw01a-030601bkk.jpg, Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Cha Chu Chak Weekend Market, Bangkok. Date: 01 June 2003.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Zingeiber Zingeiber


Lempoyan Hitam = Bonglai Hitam, Gingerwort. Species: Zingeiber ottensii.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 927, 1046
File: zizio01n.jpg, Original Size: 230 x 320
Loc.: Cha Chu Chak Weekend Market, Bangkok. Date: 01 June 2003.
Photo: LH Yap
Tepus, Beehive Gingerwort. Species: Zingiber spectabilis.
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Monocotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 139
File: ziziy01r.jpg, Original Size: 230 x 320
Loc.: Bukit Tinggi Botanical Gardens, Pahang. Date: 18 February 2002.
Photo: LH Yap