FLORA MALAYSIANA Ver 3.0

Plants of the Malaysian Region

Taxonomy:
eudicotyledonous plants; (eudicots) APG III (2009). old - Dicotyledonous Plants, A.L. de Jussieu (1789) Plants with seeds having two cotyledons


Apetalae Plants, A.L. de Jussieu (1789)
Flowers that are without petals. An artificial early taxinomy grouping. Now all members of this group has been redistributed to other orders since the use of DNA (Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid) in identifying plant family relationship. Examples of families that used to belong to this group are:-


AMARANTHACEAE
Amarantha Family
Keluarga Bayam
MORACEAE
Mulberry Family
Keluarga Besaram


Taxonomy:
Core Eudicots: Asterids; APG III (2009), APG II system (2003). old - Sympetalae Plants, = Monopetalae A.L. de Jussieu (1789) Flowers with tube-liked petals



Order: Apiales, Nakai, Pennywort, Pegaga

APIACEAE, old = UMBELLIFERAE
Pennywort Family
Keluarga Pegaga
ARALIACEAE,
Umbrella Tree Family
Keluarga Pokok Payung


Order: Asterales Lindl. (1833), Asters, old = Campanulales Cronquist.

ASTERACEAE
old = COMPOSITAE, (Paul Dietrich Giseke, 1792)
Aster, Sunflower Family
Keluarga Bunga Matahari


Order: Dipsacales Dumort. (1829), Elder

ADOXACEAE
Old = CAPRIFOLIACEAE (Juss. 1789)
Elder Family
Keluarga Kerak Nasi

Order: Ericales Dumort. 1829, Erics

BALSAMINACEAE
Balsam Family
Keluarga Bunga Keembong
ERICACEAE
Rhododendron Family
Keluarga Rhododendtum
LECYTHIDACEAE
Cannon Ball Family
Keluarga Peluru Mariam.


Order: Gentianales Lindley, Gentian, old = Apocynales, Bromhead, 1838, Apocynas,

APOCYNACEAE
Buttercup Family
Keluarga Alamanda
ASCLEPIADACEAE
Milkweed Family
Keluarga Bunga Emas

note: APG II, puts Asclepiadaceae as subfamily
Asclepiadoideae of Apocynaceae (Bruyns 2000)
LOGANIACEAE
Tembusu Family
Keluarga Tembusu

note: APG II (2003) places this in Gentianaceae
RUBIACEAE
Ixora Family
Keluarga Santan, Jarum-jarum


Order: Lamiales Bromhead, Jasmine

ACANTHACEAE
Acanthus Family
Keluarga Acanthus
BIGNONIACEAE
Bignonia Family
Keluarga Bunga Loceng
BORAGINACEAE
Boragina Family
Keluarga Geiger
GESNERIACEAE
Gesneria Family
Keluarga Krisotemis.
LAMIACEAE
old = LABIATAE (Juss. 1789)
Mint Family
Keluarga Pudina.
LENTIBULARIACEAE
Bladderwort Family
Keluarga Rumput Ekor Kucing.
VERBENACEAE
Lantana Family
Keluarga Lantana


Order: Solanales Dumortier, 1829. , Brinjals, 茄目

CONVOLVULACEAE
Morning Glory, Sweet Potato Family
Keluarga Seri Pagi
SOLANACEAE
Brinjal Family
Keluarga Terong




Core Eudicots: Rosids; APG III (2009). Pentapetalae: Flowers with five petals. old - Polypetalae Plants, A.L. de Jussieu (1789) Flowers with individual petals


Order: Brassicales, Bromhead, Syn = Capparales, Mustard

BRASSICACEAE
old = CRUCIFERAE Juss. 1789
Cabbage Family
Keluarga Kobis
CARICACEAE
Papaya Family
Keluarga Betik
CLEOMACEAE
Catwiskers Family
Keluarga Misal Kuching

Order: Caryophyllales Perleb, Amarantha, Juss. (1789)

AIZOACEAE
old = FICOIDACEAE
sea-purslanes Family
Keluarga Gelang Laut
AMARANTHACEAE
Amarantha Family
Keluarga Bayam
BASELLACEAE
Basella Family
Keluarga Remayong
CACTACEAE
Cactus Family
Keluarga Katus
NEPENTHACEAE
Note: Cronquist System puts NEPENTHACEAE
under a seperate Order Nepenthales Dumort. 1829.

Pitcher Family
Keluarga Periok Kera
NYCTAGINACEAE
Bougainvillea Family
Keluarga Bunga Kertas

Order: Cucurbitales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl, Cucumbers

CUCURBITACEAE
Cucumber Family
Keluarga Timun

Order: Fabales Bromhead, Legumes

FABACEAE
Bean Family
Keluarga Kekacang

Order: Malpighiales, Martius. Euphorbia

CLUSIACEAE
old = GUTTIFERAE Juss. 1789
Clusia Family
Keluarga Manggis
EUPHORBIACEAE
Euphobia Family
Keluarga Ubi Kayu
PHYLLANTHIACEAE
Phyllanthia Family
Keluarga Cemai

Order: Malvales Dumort., 1829, Malva, Hibiscus

BOMBACACEAE
Duro Family,
Keluarga Durian
COCHLOSPERMACEAE
Buttercup Tree Family,
Keluarga Pokok Mentega

note: APG II, puts Cochlospermaceae as an option segregate
of Bixaceae (L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz {1992 onwards})
DIPTEROCARPACEAE
Diptrocarpus Family,
Keluarga Meranti
MALVACEAE
Hybiscus Family,
Keluarga Bunga Raya

Order: Myrtales Reichenbach, Mytas

COMBRETACEAE
Drunken Sailor Family
Keluarga Kuiskalis
LYTHRACEAE
Crape Myrtle Family
Keluarga Bungor
MELASTOMATACEAE
Melastome Family
Keluarga Senduduk
MYRTACEAE
Guava Family
Keluarga Jambu

Order: Rosales Perleb, Roses

MORACEAE
Mulberry Family
Keluarga Besaram
ROSACEAE
Rose Family
Keluarga Ros

Order: Sapindales Dumortier., Mangos

ANACARDIACEAE
Cashewnut Family
Keluarga Gajus
MELIACEAE
Neem Family
Keluarga Mambu

Taxonomy:
Basal Eudicots: APG III (2009) identifies only two orders. old - Polypetalae Plants, A.L. de Jussieu (1789) Flowers with individual petals


Order: Buxales, Buxa


Order: Trochodendrales, Trochodendra


Order: Ceratophyllales, Ceratophylla


Order: Ranunculales, Ranuncula


Order: Proteales, Dumort. (1829) Lotus

NELUMBONACEAE
Lotus Family
Keluarga Teratai



Taxonomy:
paleodicotyledonous plants;(Magnoliid complex) APG III (2009)., APG II (2003) old - Polypetalae Plants, A.L. de Jussieu (1789) Flowers with individual petals

Order: Canellales, Cronquist, Canella

Order: Laurales, Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl Laurals

LAURACEAE
Cinnamomum Family
Keluarga Kayu Manis

Order: Magnoliales, Bromhead (Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl) Magnolia

ANNONACEAE
Custard Apple Family
Keluarga Nona
MAGNOLIACEAE
Cempaka Family
Keluarga Cempaka
MYRISTICACEAE
Nutmeg Family
Keluarga Pala

Order: Piperales, Bercht. & J.Presl Pipers