FLORA MALAYSIANA

Plants of the Malaysian Region



Dicotyledoneae.


ASTERACEAE, Aster, Sunflower Family. (syn=COMPOSITAE)
Taxonomy: Class: Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons), Order: Asterales; Lindl. (1833), Family: Asteraceae, Martynov, 1820, (syn = Compositae Giseke).


Genus: Artemisia,, Mugwort, Seranting, Hiya, 艾, Ai,



Mugwort, Hiya, Ai, 艾, Species: Artemisia argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot
Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Dicotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 389,
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coasn01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemisia_argyi.
File: lales.jpg Original Size: 370 x 249
Loc.: Author's garden Sect 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 1997
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Anthemideae, Genus: Artemisia Linn., 1753


Genus: Aster, Daisy,


Magenta Michaelmas Daisy, Aster novae-angliae Syn = Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 946, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 71,
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coasn01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aster novae-angliae.
File: coasn01r.jpg Original Size: 370 x 249
Loc.: Author's garden Sect 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Astereae Genus: Aster; Linn. Syn = Symphyotrichum, Subgenus: Virgulus, Species: Aster novae-angliae, Syn = Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) G.L.Nesom

White Michaelmas Daisy, Aster novae-angliae Syn = Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 946, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 71,
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coasw01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aster novae-angliae.
File: coasw01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill, Pahang, Malaysia. Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Astereae Genus: Aster; Linn. Syn = Symphyotrichum, Subgenus: Virgulus, Species: Aster novae-angliae, Syn = Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) G.L.Nesom


Genus: Bidens, Spanish Needle, Beggar Ticks, Kanching Baju. 鬼针草


Spanish Needle, Beggar Ticks, Kanching Baju, 鬼针草,
Species: Bidens pilosa Linn. 1753, Syn = Coreopsis odorata.

Ref: Malayan Wild Flowers - Dicotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 239,
Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain. - page 239,
http://../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/biphw01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidens_pilosa.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 370 x 249
Loc.: Rubber small Holding, Koh Hong, Hatyai. Date: 01 October 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Bidens, Species: Bidens pilosa Linn. 1753


Genus: Chrysanthemun, Kekwa, Ju(1) Hua(1)







Fiji white chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum fiji white Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochfw01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2003
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemun




Fiji earth chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum fiji earth Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochfe01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2002
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemun





Glance chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum Glance Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochfe01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2002
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemun


Hawaii Orange chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum Hawaii Orange Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochfe01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2002
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemun


Mackey Chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum mackey Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochm01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Kew Gaedens London. Date: 25 September 1976
Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemum





Puma White Chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum puma white Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochpw01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2002
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemum




Reagan Red Chrysanthemum,
Species: Chrysanthemum Reagan Red Hort.

Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 972, 312,
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 72,
http://"../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/dco/cochrr01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysanthemum.
File: cobiphw01a-021001.jpg Original Size: 700 x 700
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand. Date: 14 September 2002
Digital Image by Ngor, Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: ? Genus: Chrysanthemum


Genus: Cosmos, , Ulam Raja,






Cosmos caudatus H.B.& K.; English: Wild Pink Cosmos; Malay: Ulam Raja Biasa;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 981, Plate pages 315; 326, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 73, 94. http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cocom01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmos_caudatus.
File: cocom01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Sect 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 08 January 1998
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Genus: Cosmos; Cav. Species: Cosmos sulphureus, Cav.



Cosmos caudatus H.B.& K.; English: Wild White Cosmos; Malay: Ulam Raja Putih;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 981, Plate pages 315; 326, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 73, 94. http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cocow01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmos_caudatus.
File: cocom01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Bukit Gadung, Penang. Date: 12th. November 2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Genus: Cosmos; Cav. Species: Cosmos sulphureus, Cav.

Cosmos sulphureus Cav.; English: Yellow Cosmos; Mandarin: , Malay: Ulam Raja Kuning; Thai:
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 981, Plate pages 315; 326, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 73, 94. http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cocoy01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmos_sulphureus.
File: ascosuy01.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Sect 17, Petaling Jaya. Date: 08/01/1998
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Genus: Cosmos; Cav. Species: Cosmos sulphureus, Cav.

Yellow Cosmos;
File: 3.jpg Original Size: 708 x 723
Loc.: International Buddhist College, Songkhla, Thailand; Date: 2008
Photo: Khoo Ban Tong


Genus: Dahlia, Dhalia


Dahlia pinnata Linn.; English: Purple Dahlia; Malay: Dahlia Ungu;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 987, Plate 316, 317, 321; Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49;
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/codap01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dahlia.
File: codap01n.JPG Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Coreopsideae, Genus: Dahlia Cav.

Dahlia pinnata Linn.; English: Red Dahlia; Malay: Dahlia Merah;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 987, Plate 316, 317, 321; Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49;
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/codar01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dahlia.
File: codap01n.JPG Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27 June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Coreopsideae, Genus: Dahlia Cav.

Dahlia pinnata Linn.; English: Yellow Dahlia; Malay: Dahlia Kuning;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 987, Plate 316, 317, 321; Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 49;
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coday01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dahlia.
File: codap01n.JPG Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27 June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Coreopsideae, Genus: Dahlia Cav.


Genus: Elephantopus, Elephant's Foot, Tutup Bumi


Elephantopus scaber Linn.; English: Elephant's Foot Malay: Tutup Bumi;
Ref: Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain. - page 235 ; Malayan Wild Flowers - Dicotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 235
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coels01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantopus_scaber.
File: coels01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Elephantopus


Genus: Emilia, Cupid's Shaving Brush, Ketumbit Jantan


Emilia sonchifolia ; English: Cupid's Shaving Brush, Malay: Ketumbit Jantan;
Ref: Common Malayan Wild Flowers; M.R. Henderson; (1961); Longmans; Britain. - page 235 ; Malayan Wild Flowers - Dicotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 235
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coemp01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantopus_scaber.
File: coemp03r.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Bukit Kiara Date: January 2002
Photo: Mohamad Bakar
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Emilia


Genus: Eupatorium, Jack in the Bush, Kapal Terbang


Eupatorium odoratum Linn.; English: Jack in the Bush, Malay: Kapal Terbang;
Ref: Chinese Medicinal Herbs of Hong Kong, Vol 1; Li Ning Hon and Team; (1978, 91); Chinese Medical Research Institude, Hong Kong. - page - 170 ; Malayan Wild Flowers - Dicotyledon; M.R. Henderson; (1954); Caxton Press Ltd.; Malaya. - page 234
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coeuo01c.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eupatorium_odoratum.
File: coeuo01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Bukit Kiara Date: January 2002
Photo: Mohamad Bakar
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Eupatorium


Genus: Gerbera, African Daisy, Daisy Afrika


Gerbera jamesonii Bolus.; English: Orange African Daisy, Malay: Daisy Afrika Jingga;
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1010, 318, 331; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page 75
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cogeo01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbera_jamesonii.
File: ccogeo01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Bukit Kiara Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Gerbera


Genus: Gymira, Cure-all Plant, Sambung Nyawa


Gymira procumbeus ; English: Cure-all Plant, Malay: Sambung Nyawa;
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page
Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain - page
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cogyprp01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymira_procumbeus.
File: cogyprp01a.htm Original Size: 1600 x 1200
Loc.: Kanchanaburi, Thailand. Date: 23 October 2004
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Gymira


Genus: Helianthus, Sunflower


Helianthus annuus Linn.; English: Sunflower; Malay: Bunga Matahari; Mandarin: , Xia4ng Ri4 Kui2, Tamil: Suriya Kanthi; Thai:
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1015-, Plate page 320; Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Page 59; Malayan Flowers in Colour; H.F. Chin. Page130.
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cohey02a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helianthus_annuus.
File: asheana_000108-cohey.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: PSPN Kelantan Date: 08/01/1998
Photo: Aminah Asmak
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Helianthoideae; Tribe: Heliantheae Cassini, 1819; Genus: Helianthus Linn.; Species: Helianthus annuus Linn.
Sunflower;
File: asheana_011125-128.jpg; Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Lopburi, Thailand; Date: 25/11/2001
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Sunflower;
File: asheana_011125-125.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Lopburi, Thailand; Date: 25/11/2001
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Sunflower;
File: asheana_011125-127.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Lopburi, Thailand; Date: 25/11/2001
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Genus: Helichrysum, Straw Flower, Bunga Tiru



Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Tzvelev.; English: Pink Straw Flower, Malay: Bunga Tiru Merah Jambu
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1015, 320
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cohcs01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helichrysum_bracteatum.
File: cohca01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Helichrysum

Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Tzvelev.; English: Red Straw Flower, Malay: Bunga Tiru Merah
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1015, 320
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cohcr01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helichrysum_bracteatum.
File: cohcr01r.jpg Original Size: 377 x 251
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Helichrysum

Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Tzvelev.; English: White Straw Flower, Malay: Bunga Tiru Putih
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1015, 320
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cohcw01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helichrysum_bracteatum.
File: cohcw01n.jpg Original Size: 377 x 251
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Helichrysum

Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Tzvelev.; English: Yellow Straw Flower, Malay: Bunga Tiru Kuning
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1015, 320
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cohcy01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helichrysum_bracteatum.
File: cohcy01n.jpg Original Size: 377 x 251
Loc.: Fraser's Hill Date: 27th. June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Helichrysum


Genus: Melapodium Linn., Blackfoots, Bunga Mentaga




Melapodium cinereum ; English: Blackfoots, Malay: Bunga Mentaga;
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia - page 55
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/ccomec01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melapodium_cinereum.
File: cogyprp01a.htm Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Hatyai Park, Thailand Date: 06 January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Melapodium Linn.


Genus: Pluchea, Indian Marsh Fleabane, Paru Intai




Pluchea indica (Linn.) Less.; English: Indian Marsh Fleabane, Malay: Paru Intai;
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page
Medicinal Plants of Thailand, Vol 1; Promjit Saralamp, Wongsatit Chuakul, Rungravi Temsirirkkul, Terry Clayton; (1996);Amaria P&P Public Co Ltd.; Bangkok, Thailand. - page
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/coplinp01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluchea .
File: coplinp02-041023.jpg Original Size: 1600 x 1200
Loc.: Kancanaburi, Thailand. Date: 23 October 2004
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: ?, Genus: Tribe: Plucheeae Genus: Pluchea Cass.


Genus: Solidago, Golden Rod, Batang Emas = Bunga Kuning



Solidago nemoralis Aiton; English: Golden Rod, Malay: Batang Emas = Bunga Kuning
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1091, 329
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cosoy01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solidago_nemoralis.
File: cosoy01r.jpg Original Size: 1600 x 1200
Loc.: Kancanaburi, Thailand. Date: 23 October 2004
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Astereae Cass., Genus: Solidago Linn.


Genus: Tagetes, Marigold, Bunga Kembang Mas, Bunga Tahi Ayam,



Tagetes patula Linn. hybrid "Orange Lady"; English: Orange Marigold, Malay: Bunga Kembang Mas Jingga; Bunga Tahi Ayam Jingga, Thai: Daao Rueang
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1097, Plate pages 321, 330, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Pages 69, 70; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 78, Medicinal Plants of Thailand, Vol 1; Promjit Saralamp; (1996); Mahidol University; Bangkok, page 181.
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cotao01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagetes__patula.
File: astapao01_080627.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: (Top) Fraser's Hill, Pahang. (Bottom) International Buddhist College, Khlong Ngae. Date: (Top) 27 June 1999, (bottom) May 2008
Photo: (Top) Ooi Chooi Seng (bottom) Khoo Ban Tong
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Tageteae, Genus: Tagetes Linn.; Species: Tagetes _patula Linn.


Tagetes patula Linn. hybrid "Rustic" (MIXED); English: French Marigold, Malay: Bunga Kembang Mas Perancis;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1097, Plate pages 321, 330, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Pages 69, 70; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 78, Medicinal Plants of Thailand, Vol 1; Promjit Saralamp; (1996); Mahidol University; Bangkok, page 181.
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/ccotaa01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagetes__patula.
File: (top) cotaa01r.jpg (bottom) Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: (top)? (bottom) Fraser's Hill Date: (top) ? (bottom) 27 June 1999
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Tageteae, Genus: Tagetes Linn.; Species: Tagetes _patula Linn.


Tagetes patula Linn. hybrid "Gold Rush"; English: Gold Rush Marigold, Malay: Bunga Kembang Mas Jingga;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1097, Plate pages 321, 330, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin, Pages 69, 70; Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 78, Medicinal Plants of Thailand, Vol 1; Promjit Saralamp; (1996); Mahidol University; Bangkok, page 181.
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/ccotaa01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagetes__patula.
File: (top) cotaa01r.jpg (bottom) Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Central Park, Hatyai, Thailand Date: 14 September 2003

Digital Imaging by Ngor,Kankamol
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Tageteae, Genus: Tagetes Linn.; Species: Tagetes _patula Linn.


Tagetes patula Linn. hybrid Mixed Orange and Yellow Merigold";
Ref: Same as above http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cotao01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagetes__patula.
File: astapao01_080627.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill, Pahang. Date: 27 June 1999,
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Tageteae, Genus: Tagetes Linn.; Species: Tagetes _patula Linn.


Tagetes patula Linn. hybrid Yellow Merigold";
Ref: Same as above http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cotay01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagetes__patula.
File: cotay01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Kajang, Date: 27 June 1999,
Photo: Nuruddin Jamin
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Tribe: Tageteae, Genus: Tagetes Linn.; Species: Tagetes _patula Linn.


Genus: Tithonia, Mexican Sunflower, Bunga Matahari Mexico,


Tithonia rotundifolia Benth Syn = Tagetes rotundifolia = Tithonia speciosa ; English: Mexican Sunflower, Malay: Bunga Matahari Mexico,
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1097, Plate pages 321, 330, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 80, http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/\cozil01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinnia_angustifolia.
File: cozil01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill, Pahang. Date: 27 June 1999,
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Heliantheae, Genus: Tithonia Desf. ex Juss. Syn =


Genus: Wedella,


Yellow Wedelia, Species: Wedelia trilobata, Family: Asteraceae
File: P1460448.jpg. Original Size: 4000 x 3000
Loc.: Kg. Sg. Bumbun, Carey Island. Date: 12 March 2013
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng.


Genus: Zinnia, Youth & Oldage Flower, Bunga Kuaci,


Zinnia elegans Jacq.; English: Purple Youth & Oldage Flower, Malay: Bunga Kuaci Unggu;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1097, Plate pages 321, 330, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, page 80, http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/dco/cozir01a.htm.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinnia_elegans.
File: cozir01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Fraser's Hill, Pahang. Date: 27 June 1999,
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Asteraceae Martynov, 1820; Subfamily: Asteroideae, Tribe: Heliantheae, Genus: Zinnia Linn. Syn = Crassina Scepin, = Diplothrix DC. , = Mendezia DC. = Tragoceros Kunth