FLORA MALAYSIANA

Plants of the Malaysian Region



Dicotyledoneae.


APOCYNACEAE, Allamanda Family.
Taxonomy: Class: Magnoliopsida Brongniart, 1843; (dicotyledons), Subclass: Lamiidae, Takhtajan ex Reveal, 1992; Superorder: Gentiananae, Thorne ex Reveal, 1992, Order: Apocynales, Bromhead, 1838, (old=Gentianales, Lindley), Family: Apocynaceae, (Endress & Bruyns, 2000,/A.L. de Jussieu, 1789,)

Genus: Adenium, Desert Rose

Desert Rose Species: Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. et Schult.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 932, 7 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenium obesum
http://fairfun.net/my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apadr01a.htm
File: apadr01n.jpg, Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Author's garden Date: July 2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Bromhead, 1838, (old=Gentianales, Lindley), Family: Apocynaceae Subfamily: Apocynoideae, Tribe: Wrightieae, Genus: Adenium Roem. & Schult.


Genus: Allamanda, Buttercups

Brown bud Buttercup, Species: Allamanda cathartica Linn., Mandarin: ; Ji1n Fe4ng Hua1; Thai: , Ban Book Ree Krak Si Leuang
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1022, Plate page 156, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 123, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, pages 114, 103, Plants for Landscape Architect in Thailand; Thai Association of Landscape Architect (TILA); (19xx); TILA Thailand. page 187
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/da/apaly01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allamanda_cathartica,
File: DSCN4017.jpg Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Allamandeae Endl., Genus: Allamanda, Linn, 1771, Species: Allamanda cathartica L.H.Bailey & Raffill,
Brown bud Buttercup,
File: DSCN4017.jpg Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Buttercup, Species: Allamanda cathartica Linn. var. 'Hendersonii' W. Bull ex Dombrain, (syn= Allamanda Hendersonii W. Bull ex Dombrain, Mandarin: , Ji1n Fe4ng Hua1, Thai: , Ban Book Ree Krak Si Leuang
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1022, Plate page 156, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 123, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, pages 114, 103, Plants for Landscape Architect in Thailand; Thai Association of Landscape Architect (TILA); (19xx); TILA Thailand. page 187
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/da/apaly01a.htm, http://www.kartuz.com/p/67053/Allamanda+cathartica+Hendersonii.html,
File: DSCN3933.jpg Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae; Tribe: Allamandeae Endl., Genus: Allamanda, Linn 1771, Species: Allamanda cathartica L.H.Bailey & Raffill, var. 'Hendersonii' W. Bull ex Dombrain
Buttercup,
File: DSCN3931.jpg Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Buttercup,
File: DSCN3931.jpg Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Small Leafed Bush Buttercup Species: Allamanda neriifolia Hook.f, Mandarin: , Ji1n Fe4ng Hua1, Thai: , Ban Book Ree Krak Si Leuang
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 973, Plate page 75, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 130, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, pages 114, 103, Plants for Landscape Architect in Thailand; Thai Association of Landscape Architect (TILA); (19xx); TILA Thailand. page 187
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/da/apaly01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allamanda_neriifolia,
File:DSCN3934.jpg; Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Petaling Gardens, Section 5, Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 08/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae; Tribe: Allamandeae Endl., Genus: Allamanda, Linn, Species: Allamanda neriifolia Hook.f, (syn = Allamanda schottii Pohl)
Small Leafed Bush Buttercup
File: 5.jpg Original Size: 590 x 652
Loc.: International Buddhist College, Songkhla, Thailand; Date: 28/5/2008
Photo: Khoo Ban Tong
Small Leafed Bush Buttercup
File: apalcay01_000108.jpg; Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Kajang, Selangor; Date: 08/01/2000
Photo: Nuruddin Jamin
Small Leafed Bush Buttercup
File: apalney01_050504.jpg/DSCN0272.jpg; Original Size: 2048 x 1536
Loc.: Sg. Keluang, Penang; Date: 04/05/2005
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Purple Allamanda Species: Allamanda violacea Gardner. & Fielding, 1844,, (syn = Allamanda blanchetii A.DC.); Mandarin: Ji1n Fe4ng Hua1, Thai: , Ban Book Ree Si Muang
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 973, Plate page 75, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 130, Gardening in the Tropics; M Greensill; (1967); Evans Bros. Ltd.; Britain, pages 114, 103, Plants for Landscape Architect in Thailand; Thai Association of Landscape Architect (TILA); (19xx); TILA Thailand. page 187
http://flora_my-da.tripod.com/da/apaly01a.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allamanda_blanchetii,
File: apalpap_080607.jpg (Dscn8990.jpg); Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Bukit Jalil Park; Selangor Date: 15/08/2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae; Tribe: Allamandeae Endl., Genus: Allamanda, Linn, Species: Allamanda violacea Gardner. & Fielding, 1844,, (syn = Allamanda blanchetii A.DC.)
Purple Allamanda
File: apalpap01_080607.jpg (Dscn8988.jpg); Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Bukit Jalil Park; Selangor ; Date: 15/08/2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Purple Allamanda
File: apalpap02_080607.jpg (Dscn8987.jpg); Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Bukit Jalil Park; Selangor ; Date: 15/08/2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Purple Allamanda
File:apalpap_000815.jpg; Original Size: 2304 x 3072
Loc.: Penang Botanical Gardens; Penang; Date: 15/08/2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng



Genus: Carissa, Kerandang, Keraunda;


Carandas, (Malay= Kerandang, Keraunda,) Species: Carissa_congesta, Syn = Carissa carandas;
Ref: Malaysian Fruits In Colour by HF Chin, HS Yong; (1980, 1981); Tropical Press; KL, M'sia; Page 61,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carissa_carandas, http://www.quisqualis.com/07kranjoy.html
File: Carissa_congesta.jpg Original Size: 480 x 688
Loc.: Malacca, Malaysia Date: 06/08/2009
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Genus: Carissa, Linn. Syn = Antura Forssk = Arduina Mill. ex Linn, Species: Carissa carandas Linn,

Boxwood Beauty Species: Carissa grandiflora (E.Mey.)A.DC.cv. Syn = Carissa macrocarpa (Eckl.) A.DC.;
Ref: Plants for Landscape Architect in Thailand; Thai Association of Landscape Architect (TILA); (19xx); - TILA Thailand. page - 230
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carissa_macrocarpa, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Carissa_macrocarpa
File: apcagrp01o-050101.jpg Original Size: 1477 x 1200
Loc.: Kuala Lumpur, Overseas Union Garden, Old Klang Road. Malaysia Date: 01/01/2005
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Genus: Carissa, Linn. Syn = Antura Forssk = Arduina Mill. ex Linn, Species: Carissa carandas Linn,



Genus: Catharanthus G.Don, Syn = Vinca, = Lochnera, Periwinkle, Kemunting Cina,;


Madagascar Periwinkle Species: Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. var alba = Vinca roseus (L.) var alba , = Lochnera roseus Reichb. var alba
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 967, 74
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catharanthus_roseus, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apviw01a.htm
File: apviw01n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Kajang, Selangor. Malaysia Date: July 2000
Photo: Nuruddin Jamin
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae, Tribe: Vinceae, Genus: Catharanthus, G.Don



Genus: Cerbera G.Don,, Pong Pong, Kemunting Cina,;


Yellow eye Pong Pong Species:Cerbera odollam Gaertn
Ref: Wayside Trees of Malaya Vol 1; EJH Corner; (1940, 1952); Government Printer; Singapore.- page 143.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerbera_odollam, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apceo01c.htm
File: apceo02n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Kajang, Selangor. Malaysia Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae, Genus: Cerbera

Red eye Pong Pong Species:Cerbera manghas Linn
Ref: Wayside Trees of Malaya Vol 1; EJH Corner; (1940, 1952); Government Printer; Singapore.- page 143.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerbera_manghas, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apcem01c.htm
File: apceo02n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Taman Jaya, Selangor. Malaysia Date: July 2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae, Genus: Cerbera

Red eye Pong Pong Tree Species:Cerbera manghas Linn
Ref: Wayside Trees of Malaya Vol 1; EJH Corner; (1940, 1952); Government Printer; Singapore.- page 143.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerbera_manghas, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apcema02c.htm
File: apceo02n.jpg Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: (Top) Bayan Lepas. Malaysia, (Botton) Patani, Thailand
Date: (Top) 12 Dec 2002, (Bottom) 16 Nov 2002.
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae, Genus: Cerbera



Genus: Kopsia Blume, 1823, , Syn: Calpicarpum G.Don, 1837. = Kentrochrosia Lauterb. & K.Schum Kopsia, Kopsia,;


Madagascar Periwinkle Species: Kopsia fruticosa (L.) G. Don. var alba
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page - 967, 74
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kopsia fruticosa, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apkof01a.htm
File: apkof01s.jpg Original Size: 480 x 320
Loc.: Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Malaysia Date: July 2000
Photo: Nuruddin Jamin
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae, Tribe: Vinceae, • Genus: Kopsia, Blume, 1823



Genus: Primeria, Frangipani; (syn.= Himatanthus Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.)


Great Frangipani, Temple Tree, Species: Plumeria obtusa Linn.;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1069, Plate page 81, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 185,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumeria_obtusa, http://www.quisqualis.com/07kranjoy.html
File: applobk01_080525.jpg (1.jpg) Original Size: 480 x 688
Loc.: International Buddhist College, Songkhla, Thailand; Date: 28/05/2008
Photo: Khoo Ban Tong
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae , Genus: Plumeria, Tourn. ex Linn., Species: Primeria obtusa Linn,
Great Frangipani, Temple Tree,
File: applobk01_080525.jpg (IMGP6164.jpg) Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Candi Plaosan; Jawa, Indonesia Date: 07/04/2007
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Common Pink Frangipani, Species: Plumeria rubra Linn.; (syn; Plumeria acutifolia Poir., Plumeria tricolor Ruiz and Pav.),
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1069, Plate page 78, 81, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 185,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumeria_rubra, http://zipcodezoo.com/Plants/P/Plumeria_rubra.asp
File: applrup01_080606.jpg (Dscn8933.jpg); Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Chin Wu Stadium, Kuala Lumpur; Date: 06/06/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae , Genus: Plumeria, Tourn. ex Linn., Species: Primeria rubra Linn,
Common Pink Frangipani,
File: applrup02_080521.jpg (Dscn8090.jpg); Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Taman Bukit Desa, Jalan Bukit Pisang, Kuala Lumpur; Date: 21/05/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Common Red Frangipani,
File: applrur01_080605.jpg (Dscn8778.jpg); Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: 3 Mile, Jalan Klang Lama, Kuala Lumpur; Date: 05/06/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng


Common Pink Tricolour Frangipani; Species: Plumeria tricolor Ruiz and Pav. (syn: Plumeria rubra var tricolor), ;
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1069, Plate page 81,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumeria_rubra, http://zipcodezoo.com/Plants/P/Plumeria_rubra.asp
File: appltrt01_080320.jpg (Dscn4346.jpg); Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Mojokerto, Jawa, Indonesia; Date: 20/03/2008
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae , Genus: Plumeria, Tourn. ex Linn., Species: Primeria tricolor Ruiz and Pav.,


Yellow Frangipani, Temple Tree, Species: Plumeria spp.
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1069, Plate page 81, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 185,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumeria_obtusa, http://zipcodezoo.com/Plants/P/Plumeria_obtusa.asp
File: applye02_080727.jpg (IMG_9046.JPG) Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Road 17/8 Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 28/07/2008
Photo: Jerry Khoo
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae , Genus: Plumeria, Tourn. ex Linn., Species: Primeria spp,
Yellow Frangipani, Temple Tree, Species: Plumeria spp.
Ref: Tropica, Cyclopedia of Plants by Alfred Byrd Grag; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA; Page 1069, Plate page 81, Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; page 185,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumeria_obtusa, http://zipcodezoo.com/Plants/P/Plumeria_obtusa.asp
File: aapplye02_080727.jpg (IMG_9045.JPG) Original Size: 640 x 480
Loc.: Road 17/8 Petaling Jaya, Selangor; Date: 28/07/2008
Photo: Jerry Khoo
Taxonomy: Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Plumerioideae, Tribe: Plumerieae , Genus: Plumeria, Tourn. ex Linn., Species: Primeria spp,



Genus: Roupellia , , Creamfruit Flower, Roupellia ;


Creamfruit Flower Species: Roupellia grata Wall. & Hook. 1849. Syn: = Strophanthus gratus (Wall. & Hook.) Baill 1889,
Ref: Malaysian Flowers in Colour; H.F. Chin; (1977); Tropical Press Sdn Bhd.; Malaysia.- page 86
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strophanthus_gratus, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apkof01a.htm
File: apkof01s.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Danny Lims Garden, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Malaysia Date: July 2000
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: Nerieae, Genus: Strophanthus Syn = Roupellia



Genus: Tabermaemontana , Syn = Ervatamia , Crape Jasmine, Pinwheel Flower. Susun Kepala ;


Crape Jasmine, Susun Kepala Species: Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd. Syn: = Ervatamia coronaria Stapf.,
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page 1096, 76
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabermaemontana_coronaria, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/aptcw01a.htm
File: aptcw02n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Malaysia Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: ?, Genus: Tabernaemontana, Syn = Ervatamia

Crape Jasmine, Susun Kepala Species: Tabernaemontana corymbosa Roxb. ex Wall. Syn: = Ervatamia corymbosa,
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. page 1096, 76
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabermaemontana_corymbosa, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/aptaw01a.htm
File: aptcw02n.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: (Top) Kuala Kubu Bharu, Selangor. Malaysia. (Bottom)Phatchburi, Thailand.
Date: (Top) 1998, (Bottom) 22 January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: ?, Genus: Tabernaemontana, Syn = Ervatamia



Genus: Vallaris , , Scented Vallaris, Kesedang ;


Creamfruit Flower Species: Vallaris pergulana Burm Syn: = Vallaris pergularia Burk. = Vallaris glabra O. Ktze
Ref: Bunga-bungaan Malaysia; Ismail Saidin; (1993); Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka; Malaysia. - page 135
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vallaris pergulana, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apvag01a.htm
File: apvag01r.jpg Original Size: 320 x 240
Loc.: Penang Botanical Gardens. Malaysia Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: Apocyneae, Genus: Vallaris



Genus: Wrightia , , Water Jasmine, Mui Air ;


Water Jasmine Species: Wrightia religiosa Benth. = Holarrhena religiosa Stapf.
Ref: Tropica; Alfred Byrd Graf; (1978, 1981); Roehrs Company; USA. - page 1019, 76
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrightia_religiosa, A HREF=../../../../../my2/flora_my/flora_my-d/flora-da/da/apwrw01a.htm
File: apwrw05f.jpg Original Size: 335 x 320
Loc.: Penang Botanical Gardens. Malaysia Date: January 2002
Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Taxonomy: Order: Apocynales, Syn = Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, E&B, Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: Wrightieae, Genus: Wrightia