Guardians of the Gates

Lions

Chinese Lions, Shi shi, Rui shi, (auspicious lions) 瑞獅
Notes: Lions are foreign to China. Yet the statues of ancient China can be dated back to around 200 BCE and it popularity started during the Han Dynasty. It is believed to have powerful mythic protective powers. Thus the statues has traditionally stood in front of all important buildings till this day.


Lion & Lioness (Traditional), 石獅, shí shī
Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_guardian_lions


The lions are generally present in pairs, with the female on the left and the male on the right. The male lion has his right paw on a ball, which represents the "flower of life". The female is essentially identical, but has a single cub under her left paw, representing the "cycle of life". Symbolically, the female lion protects those in the building, while the male guards the building.

File: lion-statuecom01m.jpg, Original Size: 300 x 225
Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_guardian_lions,
Chinese Imperial Bronze Lions, Shishi
File: Dscn3122.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: A pair of traditional marble lions guards a building in Turpan.
File: Dscn3122.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of left lion, observe the ball under the right paw.
File: Dscn3122.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the lioness on the right, observe the baby lion cub climbing on her left leg.
File: Dscn3123.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of left lion, observe the ball the right leg.
File: Dscn3124.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of right lioness, observe the baby lion cub on the left leg.
File: Dscn3061.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of lioness and lion
File: Dscn3063.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The lioness and the cub
File: Dscn3064.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The lion and the ball
File: Dscn1172.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of left lion, the knotted lion's mane on the head is typical of the Qing era gardian lion design. Observe the ball under the right leg.
File: Dscn1171.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of right lioness, observe the inverted baby lion cub under the left paw.
File: Dscn1467.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the exit from Red Hill Park. Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of copper left lion, observe the decorated ball on the right leg and the knotted lion's mane typical of the Qing era design.
File: Dscn1466.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the exit from Red Hill Park. Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of copper right lioness, observe the inverted baby lion cub on the left leg and the knotted lion's mane typical of the Qing era design.
File: Dscn3644.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Near the Jing Pavilion in the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Right Lion with ball.
File: Dscn3643.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Near the Jing Pavilion in the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Left Lioness with cub.
File: Dscn3684.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the exit gate of the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Right Lion with ball.
File: Dscn3683.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the exit gate of the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Left Lioness with cub.
File: Dscn3717.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the highway rest station between Jiayuguan and Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Right Lion with ball.
File: Dscn3718.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the highway rest station between Jiayuguan and Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Left Lioness with cub.
File: Dscn3778.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of lions guarding the main gateway to the Tibetan Temple.
File: Dscn3776.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Lioness with baby lion cub playing at the feet of the lioness.
File: Dscn3777.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Lion with a ball.
File: Dscn3785.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of lions guarding the temple walls.
File: Dscn3852.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Back view, showing the patterns on the back.
File: Dscn3854.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, near the stupa, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Left Lion with decorated ball.
File: Dscn3855.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, near the stupa, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Left Lioness with cub. Observe the cub sitting near the mothers left paw.
File: Dscn3813.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of lions guards the staircase to the temple. Observe the white and coloured scaffs tied to the lions as a mark of homage.
File: Dscn3814.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Observe the baby lion cub below the mother's right paw.
File: Dscn3815.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the Tibetan Kumbun Monastary, Xining, Qinghai Province, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: I observe that the lion seems to recieve more scuffs.
File: Dscn4264.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park entrance, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of Lion and Lioness.
File: Dscn4265.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park entrance, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Lioness.
File: Dscn4266.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park entrance, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Lion.
File: Dscn4300.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park, Magic Rain Temple, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Pair of Lions with decorated red collar.
File: Dscn4301.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park, Magic Rain Temple, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of lioness with decorated red collar.
File: Dscn4302.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park, Magic Rain Temple, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of lion with decorated red collar.
File: Dscn4306.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park, White Pagoda Courtyard, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of lion with a different expression.
File: Dscn4307.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the White Pagoda Hill Park, White Pagoda Courtyard, Lanzhou, China. Date: 23 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of lioness with a different expression.

Roaring and Silent Lions,
Ref: http://www.ccnt.com.cn/tradition/jieri/minsu/stone.htm

File: Dscn1025.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: ADBC Bank, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Two lions guards the ADBC Bank of Urumqi
File: Dscn1026.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: ADBC Bank, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the left lion, observe the opened mouth.
File: Dscn1027.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: ADBC Bank, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the right lion, observe the closed mouth.
File: Dscn0870.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: In front of life seafood restaurant, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. China. Date: 12 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the left lion, observe the closed mouth.
File: Dscn0871.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: In front of life seafood restaurant, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. China. Date: 12 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the right lion, observe the opened mouth.
File: Dscn0985.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a bank, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the left lion, observe the closed mouth.
File: Dscn0982.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a bank, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the right lion, observe the opened mouth.
File: Dscn1177.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Two stylised brass lions infront of a large shopping complex.
File: Dscn1178.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the roaring lion.
File: Dscn1180.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the silent lion.
File: Dscn2357.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the cable car exit from Tianchi Mountain, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 17 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the silent lion.
File: Dscn2358.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: At the cable car exit from Tianchi Mountain, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 17 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the roaring lion.
File: Dscn3886.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Agricultural Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The roaring and silent lions.
File: Dscn3884.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Agricultural Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The roaring lion.
File: Dscn3885.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Agricultural Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The silent lion.
File: Dscn3887.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: A stainless-steel set of roaring and silent lions.
File: Dscn3878.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the stainless-steel silent lion.
File: Dscn3887.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the stainless-steel roaring lion.
File: Dscn3883.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Bank of China, Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Date: 15 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the back view of the stainless-steel roaring lion.

Lions (Non-traditional / Mixed)

File: Dscn3054.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Modern brass lions guards the ADBC of Turpan.
File: Dscn3052.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the modern brass left lion.
File: Dscn3053.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of the modern brass right lion.
File: Dscn1235.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Inside Jianhu People's Park, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Two lions with open mouth.
File: Dscn1236.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Inside Jianhu People's Park, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of left lion with open mouth.
File: Dscn1237.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Inside Jianhu People's Park, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of right lion with open mouth.
File: Dscn1472.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a hotel, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of right lioness with several baby lion cubs..
File: Dscn1473.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a hotel, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Close up of right lion holding a ball in its upturned paw.
File: Dscn1474.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a hotel, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: View of the placing of the two lions.
File: Dscn3055.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Symbol of fertility, a set of two lioness with many cubs.
File: Dscn3056.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Symbol of fertility, close up of right lioness with many cubs.
File: Dscn3059.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Turpan City, Xinjang Autonomous Province. China. Date: 18 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: Symbol of fertility, close up of left lioness with many cubs.
File: Dscn1478.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a shop, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: View of right lion with mouth closed.
File: Dscn1479.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a shop, Urumqi, Xinjang Autonomous Province, China. Date: 14 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: View of left lion with mouth closed.
File: Dscn3578.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a Ming Dynasty Temple, inside the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The right lion.
File: Dscn3577.jpg, Original Size: 3072 x 2304
Loc.: Infront of a Ming Dynasty Temple, inside the Western Great Wall Fort in Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Date: 22 September 2008

Photo: Ooi Chooi Seng
Note: The left lion.
File: lion-statuecom01m.jpg, Original Size: 300 x 225
Ref: http://www.statue.com/lion-statues.html,
Note: King of the Jungle, Shishi