TEACHING AND LEARNING
RESOURCE MATERIALS

SUMBER BAHAN
PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN


AQUATIC FERN
PLANTS OF MALAYSIA

(TUMBUHAN-TUMBUHAN PAKU-PAKIS
AIR MALAYSIA)


Introduction (Pengenalan)

"Aquatic Fern Plants" or Water Fern Plants are fern plants of grows in water. Many of these fern plants include a large number of Local Malaysian Species. Others were introduced as garden pond plants and aquarium plants. Aquatic plants are mainly found in marshy areas growing as maginal water plants and partially aquatic plants. However a small number of species are free floating fern plants. Note that the water fern (Synnema triflorum) plant commonly sold in aquarium shops is a dicot plant and not really a fern plant

Tumbuhan paku-pakis air adalah pokok-pokok paku-pakis yang hidup di atas atau di dalam air. Banyak diantara tumbuhan air ini ialah tumbuhan tempatan. Yang lain adalah yang di bawa masuk sebagai tumbuhan kebun kolam dan pokok-pokok akuarium. Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Air biasanya dijumpai di kawasan lembab dan tumbuh sebagai tembuhan tepi air atau sebagai tumbuhan separuh air. Walaumanapun ada sebilanagan kecil spesis tumbuhan paku-pakis terapong. Mengambil perhatian yang paku air (Synnema triflorum) yang biasa dijual di kedai akuarium ialah pokok dikat dan bukan sejenis pokok paku.


The water fern is a dicot. not a fern.
Pokok ini jenis dikot, bukan paku.

Synnema triflorum (Water Fern)
from the autor's private garden.



An attractive floating fern.
Paku air terapong yang cantik.

Salvinia auriculata (Floating Fern)
from the autor's private garden.

The floating fairy moss fern.
Paku apong devi sejenis lagi paku air

Azolla filiculoides (Fairy Moss Fern)
from the autor's private garden.

Types of Aquatic Fern Plants
(Jenis Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Akuatik)

Aquatic Fern plants can be broadly be divided into 5 groups, namely:-
  • Submerged Aquatic Fern Plants.
  • Floating Aquatic Fern Plants.
  • Emerged Aquatic Fern Plants.
  • Marginal Aquatic Fern Plants.
  • Partially Aquatic Fern Plants.


Tumbuhan akuatik boleh dibahagikan ke 5 kumpulan besar, iaitu:-
  • Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Dalam Air.
  • Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Terapung.
  • Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Timbul.
  • Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Tepi Kolam.
  • Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Separuh Akuatik.


Submerged Aquatic Fern Plants
(Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Dalam Air)


Floating Aquatic Fern Plants
(Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Terapung)


Emerged Aquatic Fern Plants
(Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Timbul)


Marginal Aquatic Fern Plants
(Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Tepi Kolam)


Partially Aquatic Fern Plants
(Tumbuhan Paku-pakis Separuh Akuatik)


KANDUNGAN BAHAN SUMBER
(CONTENTS OF RESOURCE MATERIALS)

Aquatic fern plants of Malaysia
(Tumbuhan-tumbuhan Paku-pakis air Malaysia)

Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)

Keluarga
(Family)

Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)

Saiz Biasa
(Normal Size)

Nama Lain
(Other Names)

Jurufoto
(Photographer)

Paku Apong Dewi
Salviniaceae
Azolla filiculoides
2 mm
Fairy Moss
CS Ooi
Paku Apong
Salviniaceae
Salvinia auriculata
2 cm
Floating Fern
CS Ooi

Kemaskini terakhir (Last update) : 26/10/2007   10/09/04

The colours above gives the year of production, VIEW KEY FOR COLOUR CODES
(Warna-warna di atas menunjukkan tahun bahan diterbitkan, LIHAT KUNCI KOD WARNA).


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On-line References
Rujukan On-line
http://sumber_my.tripod.com/0-ruj.htm#rflora


Inquiries    (Pertanyaan)
Ooi Chooi Seng P.P.N.,
259 Jalan 17/8,
46400 Petaling Jaya