TEACHING AND LEARNING
RESOURCE MATERIALS

SUMBER BAHAN
PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN


ARTHROPOD
(ARTHROPODS)
ARTHROPODA


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CONTENTS OF RESOURCE MATERIALS
(KANDUNGAN BAHAN SUMBER)

Arthropoda (Arthropods) Arthropod
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Arachnida
Arachnids
Araknid
Crustacea
Crustaceans
Krustasia
Insecta
Insects
Serangga
Myriapoda
Myriapods
Myriapod


Classification of Arthropods
(Kelasifikasi Artropoda)



ARTHROPOD
(ARTHROPODS)
ARTHROPODA


Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Arthropods are invertebrate animals (animals without a backbone) belonging to the Phylum Arthropoda. The arthropods are characterized by a chitinous (hard) external skeleton and a segmented body. To this segmented body are jointed appendages (i.e. legs) that are articulated in pairs. This group of invertebrate animals includes the following four main Classes of Arthropods:-
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Arachnida
Arachnids
Crustacea
Crustaceans
Insecta
Insects
Myriapoda
Myriapods

Arthropoda Arthropod
Arthropod adalah binatang invertebrat (binatang yang tiada tulang belakang) daripada Phylum Arthropoda. Arthropod mempunyai kulit luar yang keras dan badannya bersegmen. Kepada badan bersegmen ini, terdapat kakinya dalam pasangan. Termasuk dalam gulungan binatang invertebrat ini adalah empat Kelas-kelas utama Arthropod:-
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Arachnida
Araknid
Crustacea
Krustasia
Insecta
Serangga
Myriapoda
Myriapod


CLASS ARACHNIDA (ARACHNIDS) KELAS ARAKNID

Arthropods of the Class Arachnida, consists of spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks. They are characterized by four pairs of segmented legs. They have a body that is divided into two regions, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. The arachnids are also called arachnoid.
A spider
Labah-labah

Two scorpions
Dua ekor kala jengking
Arthropod daripada Kelas Araknid, termasuk labah-labah, kala jengking, tungau atau hama, dan sengkenit. Ciri-ciri utama mereka adalah empat pasang kaki bersegmen. Badan mereka dibahagikan kepada dua bahagian, cephalothorax dan abdomen.
Class Arachinida (Arachnids) Kelas Araknid
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Order Araneae
Spiders
Labah-labah
Order Scorpionida
Scorpions
Kala jengking
Order Acarina
Ticks and Mites
Sengkenit dan Tungau, Hama



CLASS CRUSTACEA (CRUSTACEANS) KELAS KRUSTASIA


Two shrimps
Dua ekor udang kecil
The Class Crustacea are predominantly aquatic arthropods. They include the lobsters, prawns, shrimps, crabs, hermit crabs and barnacles. Characteristically they have segmented body, a chitinous exoskeleton, and paired, jointed limbs. The woodlice is a crustacean that is not aquatic. The king crab is not a crustacean and it belongs to the Class Merostomata.
Kelas Krustasia kebanyakan adalah jenis arthropod akuatik. Mereka terdiri daripada semua jenis udang, ketam, umang-umang dan teritip. Ciri utama mereka ada badan bersegmen, kulit luar yang keras, dan kaki bersendi yang berpasangan. Kutu kayu ialah sejenis krustasia yang bukan akuatik. Belangkas bukan sejenis krustasia tetapi dari Kelas Merostomata
Crabs
Ketam
Class Crustacea (Crustaceans) Kelas Krustasia
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Subclass Malacostraca
Prawns, Crabs, Woodlice
Udang, Ketam, Kutu Kayu
Subclass Cirripedia
Barnacles
Teritip
Class Merostomata (King Crabs) Kelas Merostomata
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Subclass Xiphosura
Kingcrab
Belangkas


CLASS INSECTA (INSECTS) KELAS SERANGGA
Insects belongs to the Class Insecta. They are usually small, and makes up the biggest number of the Phylum Arthropoda. Insects have an adult stage characterized by three pairs of legs and a body segmented into head, thorax, and abdomen. They usually have two pairs of wings. Insects include the flies, crickets, mosquitoes, beetles, butterflies, cicadas, bees and ants.
Beetle
Kumbang

Butterfly
Rama-rama
Serangga adalah daripada Kelas Insecta mereka biasanya kecil, dan mempunyai bilangan yang terbesar dalam Phylum Arthropoda. Serangga mempunyai peringkat dewasa yang mempunyai ciri-ciri tiga pasang kaki, badan yang dibahagikan kepada kepala, thorax dan abdomen. Mereka biasanya mempunyai dua pasang kepak. Contoh serengga termasuk lalat, flies, cengkerik (keridik, jengkerik), nyamok, kumbang, rama-rama, riang-riang, lebah and semut.

Class Insecta (Insects) Kelas Serangga
Subclass Aperygota (Wingless Insects) Subkelas Aperigota
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Order Thysanura
Silverfish
Gegat
Subclass Perygota (Winged Insects) Subkelas Perygota
Superorder Exopterygota (Incomplete Metamorphosis) Metamorposis separuh
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Order Odonata
Dragonflies, Damselflies
Pepatong, Dedayang
Order Plecoptera
Stoneflies
Kepinding Batu
Order Ephemheroptera
Mayflies
Kupu-kupu Air
Order Blattaria
Cockroaches
Lipas
Order Mantodea
Mantids
Mentadak, Cengtadak
Order Orthoptera
Grasshoppers, Crickets
Belalang, Cengkerik, Keridik, Jengkerik
Order Phasmida
Leaf & Stick insects
Belalang Daun & Ranting
Order Dermaptera
Earwigs
Lelawi
Order Isoptera
Termites
Anai-anai
Order Psocoptera
Book Lice, Bark Lice
Kutu Buku, Kutu Kulit Kayu
Order Phthiraptera
True Lice
Kutu-kutu
Order Thysanoptera
Thrips
Kepinding Trip
Order Hemiptera
Plant Bugs
Pianggang
Superorder Endopterygota (Complete Metamorphosis) Metamorposis seperoh
Order Neuroptera
Ant Lions, Lace Wings
Kepinding Renda
Order Megaloptera
Alder Flies
Kepinding Pokok Alder
Order Raphidiodea
Snake Flies
Kepinding Ular
Order Siphonaptera
Flea
Pinjal
Order Coleoptera
Beetles
Kumbang
Order Mecoptera
Scorpion Flies
Kepinding Jengking
Order Trichoptera
Caddis Flies
Kepinding Kadi
Order Lepidoptera
Butterflies, Moths
Rama-rama, Kupu-kupu
Order Diptera
True Flies
Lalat, Nyamok
Order Hymenoptera
Ants, Bees, Hornet, Wasps
Semut, Lebah, Tebuan, Penyengat


MYRIAPOD (MYRIAPODS) MYRIAPODA


Milipede
Gonggok, Sepah Bulan
The Myriapoda are arthropods that have segmented bodies. They have one pair of antannae and at least nine pairs of legs. They include the centipedes and the millipedes. Myriapoda comes from the words myria and poda. Myria means many and poda means legs.
Myriapoda adalah arthropod yang badannya mempunyani banyak segmen. Mereka mempunyai sepasang sesungut dan sekurang-kurangnya sembilan pasang kaki. Mereka terdiri daripada lipan atau halipan dan gonggok atau sepah bulan. Ciri utama mereka ada badan bersegmen, kulit luar yang keras, dan kaki bersendi yang berpasangan.
Centepede
Lipan, Halipan
Class Myriapoda (Myriapods) Kelas Myriapod
Nama Saintifik
(Scientific Name)
Nama Inggeris
(English Name)
Nama Melayu
(Malay Name)
Subclass Diplopoda
Millipedes
Gonggok, Sepah Bulan
Subclass Chilopoda
Centipedes
Kelas Lipan, Halipan


Kemaskini terakhir (Last update) : 29/01/2006   14/01/02 31/10/99

The colours above gives the year of production, VIEW KEY FOR COLOUR CODES
(Warna-warna di atas menunjukkan tahun bahan diterbitkan, LIHAT PERTUNJUK WARNA).


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